Pratapgarh district, lies between 25o34′ and 26o 11′ latitudes while between 81o19′ and 82o27′ longitudes.Primarily, an agragrian district, for a while now, Pratapgarh has risen in ranks as the top producer of Aonla fruit. It is a multi-purpose fruit, is extremely rich in vitamin C, helps cure gastro-intestinal disorders, is said to encourage youth and liveliness and is exported all over india and possibly over world in form of sweets and medicines.Pratapgarh on the Allahabad-Faizabad main road at a distance of 39 km from Sultanpur and 61 Km from Allahabad.It is one of the older districts of Uttar Pradesh, that came into existence in the year 1858. It is at a height of 137 Mt. from sea level.
Location and Boundaries-The district lies between the paralleles of 25°34 and 26 11 north latitude and between the meridians of 81 19′ and 82 27′ east longitude extending for some 110 km. from west to east. It is bounded on the north by district Sultanpur, on the south by district Allahabad, on the east by district Jaunpur and on the west by Fatehpur and north-west by district Rae Bareli. In the south-west the Ganga forms the boundary of the district for about 50 km.separating it from Fatehpur and Allahabad and in the extreme north-east the Gomati forms the boundary for about 6 km.
Area According to the Central Statistical Organization the district had an area of 3,730 sq. km. on July 1, 1971. It occupies 48th position in the State in respect of the area. The area of the district on the basis of the district records is about 3,678 sq. km. Owing to the action of the Ganga, frequent changes take place in the area of the district.
Sai This river rises to the north of Hardoi and after traversing that district, as well as Lucknow, Unnao and Rae Bareli, enters Pratapgarh on the west at Mustafabad in Ateha. Its course at first is exceedingly tortuous, consisting of numerous bends and contortions which form loops large and small, and enclose fertile upland. After forming the boundary between Rampur and Ateha, it passes eastward for some kilometers through the upper part of the central pargana of Pratapgarh, then descending and ascending in a series of large curves reaches the district headquarters. From this point it turns south and then south-east, as far as the extreme eastern boundary of the Pratapgarh tahsil. Entering tahsil Patti at Khambhor,village it bends north as far asfar as the ancient fort of Kot Bilkhar, and then south-east,leaving the district at the village of Danwan and entering Jaunpur after a course of 72 kilometres through Pratapgarh. It finally joins the Gomati about 32 kilometres south-east of the town of Jaunpur.
In the dry season the Sai is narrow, shallow and easily fordable, while its tributaries become mere ravines; but in the rains the latter carry a large volume of water into the river, which rises to a considerable level and acquires a great velocity. The zigzag twists of the river,though frequent at intervals along its whole course, are most marked at its entry into the district. It would seem that they are formed by the resistance of hard soil and kankar reefs, which compelled the river to
turn aside to pierce the softer surrounding land. The banks of the Sai are in many places high and are generally well defined. At places they are broken and pierced by ravines which sometimes extend for several hundred meters, while elsewhere they slope down gradually to the river bed in long parallel undulations. In this tract they are usually cultivated,but ordinarily the banks consist of high and broken ground with a crumbling soil, the more elevated parts standing like steep isolated mounds, bare of vegetation or covered with coarse grass. The brokenground spreads inland for varying distances and sometimes is about a kilometer in breadth. In places the banks are covered with dense mango and mahua groves, a little distances beyond the reach of floods.